ALBANY, N.Y. (NEWS10) – Electors all over the country will meet in their respective state capitals Monday afternoon to cast their votes formally electing Donald Trump as the 45th President of the United States.
The electors, 538 in all, are chosen by their political parties to cast votes on the parties’ behalf.
The electors cast two votes, one for President, and one for Vice President.
They then fill out what’s called a “certificate of vote” with the results, which is then mailed, or delivered via courier to Congress.
It’s also delivered to the National Archives, where it becomes part of the nation’s official records.
Former President Bill Clinton will be in Albany Monday to do his part as a New York Elector and cast his electoral vote for Hillary Clinton.
Much has been made this election, of the so-called “Hamilton Elector” movement, a push for electors from states that went for Donald Trump to vote for somebody other than Trump for President.
Electors are not necessarily bound to vote for the winner of their state’s popular vote. At least one elector has said he will buck his party and vote for Trump.
There’s nothing in the Constitution or federal law binding electors to vote a particular way. State laws in several states do bind electors to vote for the popular vote in that particular state. Other electors are bound by more informal pledges to their party.
After Monday’s vote, one last step still remains. On January 6, Congress will officially count the electoral votes. Vice President Joe Biden, as President of the Senate, will preside over the count.
During the count, lawmakers can object in writing to individual electoral votes, or the results from entire states. The objections must be signed by at least one House and one Senate member.
If the House and Senate support the objection, the vote, or votes, in question are thrown out.
Such a situation has never before happened.
After the votes are counted, and the results are final, Donald Trump will be officially inaugurated as President at Noon on January 20, 2017.